Social Distancing Saves Lives: This Virus Is Unforgiving To Unwise Choices
Yale epidemiologist Jonathan Smith recently wrote a timely article about the continued need for social distancing during this period. Here's the TLDR of it:
1. This is just the beginning
Perhaps you've been thinking of COVID-19 as a temporary inconvenience up till now. Surely this whole thing will blow over soon enough and things will go back to normal, right?
Unfortunately, COVID-19 has only just begun to spread. Even with the existing measures in place, there will likely be a rise in global cases and deaths for quite some time before we hit the turning point.
It's tempting to think that we shouldn't bother with social distancing measures since they don't seem to be working. But that mindset will only serve to extend the duration of this pandemic. Stay cautious, and be prepared to be in this for the long haul.
2. Keep your family safe
While social distancing minimises contact with members of society, it also means you're in constant close proximity with other members within your household (unless you live alone in an apartment with 50 cats).
So, what does this mean (aside from daily gladiator deathmatches due to getting on each other's nerves)?
Simply put, your family's health affects your own as well. If one person fails to look after his health or sneaks out to visit his friends, the rest of the family will be in danger as well. Keep each other accountable and stick together.
3. Stop trying to "cheat" social distancing
We get it, you're starting to go stir-crazy with cabin fever. Surely a quick trip to the mall or a short playdate for your kids couldn't hurt, right?
You may think a tiny breach of social distancing measures is harmless, but even a few minutes of contact can facilitate transmission and unravel our painstaking efforts to isolate COVID-19.
Perhaps you would rather be at risk than suffer boredom, but I can assure you, the rest of society will not appreciate your cavelier approach towards this situation. PLEASE stop going outside for non-essential reasons. And no, bubble tea does NOT count as a necessity.
Finally, if you're interested in reading the full article, here it is:
As an infectious disease epidemiologist, at this point feel morally obligated to provide some information on what we are seeing from a transmission dynamic perspective and how they apply to the social distancing measures.
Like any good scientist I have noticed two things that are either not articulated or not present in the "literature" of social media.
Specifically, I want to make two aspects of these measures very clear and unambiguous.
First, we are in the very infancy of this epidemic's trajectory. That means even with these measures we will see cases and deaths continue to rise globally, nationally, and in our own communities in the coming weeks.
Our hospitals will be overwhelmed, and people will die that didn't have to.
This may lead some people to think that the social distancing measures are not working.
They may feel futile.
You will feel discouraged.
This is normal in chaos. But, this is also normal epidemic trajectory.
This enemy that we are facing is very good at what it does; we are not failing. We need everyone to hold the line as the epidemic inevitably gets worse.
This is not my opinion; this is the unforgiving math of epidemics for which I and my colleagues have dedicated our lives to understanding with great nuance, and this disease is no exception.
We know what will happen; I want to help the community brace for this impact.
Stay strong and with solidarity knowing with absolute certainty that what you are doing is saving lives, even as people begin getting sick and dying.
You may feel like giving in.
Second, although social distancing measures have been (at least temporarily) well-received, there is an obvious-but-overlooked phenomenon when considering groups (i.e. families) in transmission dynamics.
While social distancing decreases contact with members of society, it of course increases your contacts with group (i.e. family) members. This small and obvious fact has surprisingly profound implications on disease transmission dynamics.
Study after study demonstrates that even if there is only a little bit of connection between groups (i.e. social dinners, playdates/playgrounds, etc.), the epidemic trajectory isn't much different than if there was no measure in place. The same underlying fundamentals of disease transmission apply, and the result is that the community is left with all of the social and economic disruption but very little public health benefit.
You should perceive your entire family to function as a single individual unit; if one person puts themselves at risk, everyone in the unit is at risk.
Seemingly small social chains get large and complex with alarming speed.
If your son visits his girlfriend, and you later sneak over for coffee with a neighbour, your neighbour is now connected to the infected office worker that your son's girlfriend's mother shook hands with.
This sounds silly, it's not.
This is not a joke or a hypothetical.
We as epidemiologists see it borne out in the data time and time again and no one listens.
Conversely, any break in that chain breaks disease transmission along that chain.
In contrast to hand-washing and other personal measures, social distancing measures are not about individuals, they are about societies working in unison.
These measures also take a long time to see the results.
It is hard (even for me) to conceptualise how 'one quick little get together' can undermine the entire framework of a public health intervention, but it does.
I promise you it does.
I promise. I promise. I promise.
You can't cheat it. People are already itching to cheat on the social distancing precautions just a "little"- a playdate, a haircut, or picking up a needless item at the store, etc.
From a transmission dynamics standpoint, this very quickly recreates a highly connected social network that undermines all of the work the community has done so far.
Until we get a viable vaccine this unprecedented outbreak will not be overcome in grand, sweeping gesture, rather only by the collection of individual choices our community makes in the coming months.
This virus is unforgiving to unwise choices.
My goal in writing this is to prevent communities from getting ‘sucker-punched' by what the epidemiological community knows will happen in the coming weeks.
It will be easy to be drawn to the idea that what we are doing isn't working and become paralysed by fear, or to 'cheat' a little bit in the coming weeks.
By knowing what to expect, and knowing the importance of maintaining these measures, my hope is to encourage continued community spirit, strategising, and action to persevere in this time of uncertainty.